The Lahore Fort locally known as Shahi Qila is a castle in the city of Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. The Fort is spread in trapezoidal composition over 20 hectares in the northwestern corner of the Walled City of Lahore in Iqbal Park. The Fort was built some time back in the past but the existing construction was made in the rule of Mughal Emperor Akbar between 1556 and 1605. Subsequent Mughal rulers upgraded it regularly in their respective reign. It has two entrances. One of the gates is called Alamgiri gate after its builder Aurangzeb and opens towards Badshahi Mosque and another gate constructed by Akbar is called Maseeti or Masjidi gate and opens towards Maseeti area of Walled city. Alamgiri Gate is used as the main entrance currently while Maseeti Gate has been closed permanently. Some of the popular objects inside the fort are Sheesh Mahal, Naulakha Pavilion and Moti Masjid.
The Sheesh Mahal is the palace constructed using mirrors and was built by father of Mumtaz Mahal, Mirza Ghiyas Begh during the reign of Shah Jahan. It includes a huge hall followed by numerous halls behind it. This was used as harem of the fort. There is a screen with marble perforation located in the rear compartment engraved with tendril, flowery and geometrical patterns. Its walls have been decorated with Pietra dura work.
The pavilion is called Naulakha because it was built for a cost of 9 lakh rupees during the rule of Shah Jahan. It is situated in the West of Sheesh Mahal. It was built in rectangular shape with its centrally arched and amazingly curved roof. The construction of sloping-roof of the fort from contemporary traditions from Bengal and Baldachin from Europe reflects the imperial as well as religious image of the pavilion.
Moti Masjid is a mosque built inside the fort during the rule of Shah Jahan. It has been built using white marble. The front is made of cusped arches and engaged baluster columns. It has three domes while five arches in the façade unlike other contemporary mosques which has three arches.